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The legal definition of sensitive data includes: the personal data that is revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade-union membership, genetic data and biometric data that is processed solely to identify a human being, health-related data, and data concerning a person’s sex life or sexual orientation.

Privacy Protection

The most pertinent component of all ethical research is to ensure participant privacy. Thus, the utmost care must be taken to ensure that no information or data can be used to identify or attributed to them from either qualitative or quantitative studies. Participants can therefore be assured of this by detailing how their data will anonymised and pseudonymised. Information and data which is being reported, that is neither anonymised nor pseudonymised, requires the explicit informed consent of the participants. Finally, all research conducted in the EU must adhere to General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) legislation. 

See also CORE Ethical Compass.

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Team co-Leader, CO:RE at TUNI

Jussi Okkonen

Jussi Okkonen, PhD, is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Information Technology and Communication of Tampere University (FI). Okkonen’s research interests lie in socio-technical environments and digital literacy. He has recently done research on educational technology, children and youth in socio-technical context, and impact of AI.

Tampere University
Tampere University

The team at the Faculty of Information Technology and Communication of TUNI identifies, develops and provides access to resources on qualitative, quantitative and mixed research methods together with evaluating their validity in research practice. These resources are collated in the CO:RE methods toolkit that cross-references resources from the evidence base, the compass for research ethics, and the theory toolkit, to give users tools to apply to their individual research contexts.

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